What is Type1 Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes is a condition characterised by elevated blood glucose levels due to the body’s inability to produce insulin. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease whereby the beta cells located in the pancreas become destroyed by the body’s immune system. The direct cause is still unknown and can occur at any age (previously known as juvenile onset diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes). Insulin is produced in the Beta cells, and is vital for glucose uptake and metabolism (which comes from carbohydrate sources). The treatment for Type 1 Diabetes is exogenous insulin administered via multiple daily injections or insulin pump therapy. 

What Symptoms should you look out for?

  • Extreme Thirst

  • Constant Hunger

  • Sudden Weight Loss

  • Frequent Urination

  • Blurred Vision

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Extreme Tiredness

  • Infections

If you or someone you know are experiencing these symptoms, call a doctor immediately and make sure you consume as many fluids as you can to prevent dehydration.

Warning: Do not consume fluids which contain SUGAR.


Type 1 Diabetes Disease Facts

  • Type 1 Diabetes is primarily diagnosed in those 10-14 years of age.

  • On average Type 1 Diabetes costs a patient $4,669 annually.

  • When complications associated with the disease arise, (around 20 years after diagnosis), this cost can increase to $16, 698 per patient (with costs normally endured by individuals and families).

  • After 20 years, almost all people with Type 1 Diabetes will develop early stage retinopathy (eye damage). A small proportion of people will develop end stage retinopathy, which can lead to permanent blindness.

  • Excluding the cost of complications, Type 1 Diabetes costs the Australian health system $400 million per year.

  • Type 1 Diabetes accounts for 118,845 people in Australia living in Australia with the condition (June 2017 stats).

  • In Geelong we have 1,610 people with Type 1 www.diabetesmaps.com.au

People with Type 1 Diabetes by Age Group: